# Last In First Out (LIFO)

This method assumes that inventory purchased last is sold first. Therefore, inventory cost under LIFO method will be the cost of earliest purchases. Consider the following example:

## Example

Bike LTD purchased 10 bikes during January and sold 6 bikes, details of which are as follows:

January 1 Purchased 5 bikes @ \$50 each

January 5 Sold 2 bikes

January 10 Sold 1 bike

January 15 Purchased 5 bikes @ 70 each

January 25 Sold 3 bikes

The value of 4 bikes held as inventory at the end of January may be calculated as follows:

The sales made on January 5 and 10 were clearly made from purchases on 1st January. However, all sales made on January 25 will be assumed to have been made from the purchases on January 15. Therefore, the value of inventory under LIFO is as follows:

 Date Purchase Issues Inventory Units \$/Units \$ Total Units \$/Units \$ Total Units \$/Units \$ Total Jan 1 5 50 250 5 50 250 Jan 5 2 50 100 3 50 150 Jan 10 1 50 50 2 50 100 Jan 15 5 70 350 5 70 350 Jan 15 7 450 Jan 25 3 70 210 2 50 100 2 70 140 4 240

As can be seen from above, LIFO method allocates cost on the basis of earliest purchases first and only after inventory from earlier purchases are issued completely is cost from subsequent purchases allocated. Therefore value of inventory using LIFO will be based on outdated prices. This is the reason the use of LIFO method is not allowed for under IAS 2.

Relevance is one of the primary qualitative characteristics of financial information. Which of the following methods of inventory valuation is not consistent with the characteristic?

LIFO Method

FIFO Method